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Psychotherapy is a process which helps clients understand and resolve their problems by increasing the awareness of their inner world and its influence over relationships, both past and present. It is a form of therapy which aims to help people with serious psychological disorders to understand and change complex, deep-seated and often unconsciously based emotional and relationship problems; thereby reducing symptoms and alleviating distress.

Psychoanalytic psychotherapy is an effective treatment for a range of psychological disturbances. It is a process which seeks understanding and meaning in symptoms, behaviour patterns, and psychological disorders. It is not limited only to those with mental health problems. Many people who experience a loss of meaning in their lives or who are seeking a greater sense of fulfillment can be helped by psychoanalytic psychotherapy.

How Psychotherapy Can Help

Psychotherapy can be helpful for those who:

  • Have difficulty in their relationships
  • Feel depressed
  • Have anxiety and panic attacks
  • Experience sexual problems
  • Have difficulty in coping with bereavement and loss
  • Have physical symptoms as a result of emotional stress
  • Have difficulties in their working life

Psychotherapy is concerned with the person as a whole: their life history, their past and present relationships, and both their conscious & unconscious.

The relationship between the therapist and the client facilitates self-discovery, change and growth. It is a process which requires time and regular attendance at sessions.

Different Forms of Psychotherapy

Individual Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy
This is the principal form of therapy offered by the MindTherapy Foundation. The duration of treatment could vary from a few sessions to an open-ended contract. The frequency of sessions is decided upon individually by the psychotherapist.

Group Analytic Psychotherapy
A group usually has a maximum of twelve members and meets once or twice weekly. Group members discuss about their difficulties, problems and feelings under the guidance of a group psychotherapist. Interaction among each other is an integral part of the work of the group.

Marital or Family Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy can take place with couples or families who have problems in their relationships with each other and wish to sort and solve these among themselves. Treatment here could vary from a few sessions to a longer period of time.


Frequently Asked Questions -

What is Psychotherapy?
What is
How Do I Know If I Need Help?
How Do I Know If I Could Benefit From Therapy?
What Can I Expect From Therapy?
Does Therapy Mean Laying Down on a Sofa?
What Does Therapy
Generally Appear To Be?
What Does Assessment Do?
How Do I Make an Appointment?

  Make an Appointment





Psychotherapy usually refers to a broad range of treatments that have in common the use of psychological means to treat mental suffering and pain. In this respect, psychotherapy differs from medication.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), 4th Edition, refers to such types of pain and suffering as mental disorders. Cited from the manual, "In DSM IV, each of the mental disorders is conceptualized as a clinically significant behavioral or psychological distress (e.g., a painful symptom) or disability (e.g., impairment in one or more important areas of functioning) or with a significantly increased risk of suffering death, pain, disability, or an important loss of freedom."

The broad range of psychotherapeutic treatments available today varies on form (i.e., Personal/Marital, group, or Children/Family settings), techniques (relaxation, drama, bilateral brain stimulation, flooding, etc.), or underlying theoretical conceptualization (psychoanalytical, Gestalt, behaviorism, cognitive science, client centered, and more). The quality and success (or failure) of a treatment also depends greatly on the qualities of the therapist as a person, and on a successful match of qualities in both therapist and client.
It is often highly beneficial to combine more than one psychotherapeutic treatment that may also include medication, into a treatment program .

Psychotherapy is a profession, and as such requires from those who conduct it a long and complex training, adherence to an ethical code, and a membership in an organization of professionals where their abilities, successes, and failure is monitored.


Counselling is a term that sometimes overlap psychotherapy. However, we tend to agree with the majority of professionals, that counselling should be referred to as a tool besides psychotherapy, as such:
It is a type of troubleshooting. A counsellor facilitates a client with a problem in person, over the phone, or through internet
Debriefing may be another way to describe what counselling does. It is actually about giving the client an opportunity to be listened to. It is very often used during, and mainly after, crises, often as a stage that precedes, or leads to, psychotherapy.


The following issues, mild or not, indicate whether a professional is required to help resolve these. Third-party intervention generally does not necessarily mean an in depth therapy. In some cases a simple consultation would be adequate. If you present with one or more of the issues listed below, you may want to consider visiting your general practitioner. That is, to

understand and become more knowledgeable of the way medical issues could play a role in your distress in one or more issues listed below, you could be prompted to visit your General Practitioner. Together with this we recommend you to see a mental health professional as well.

If harmony in your family or in your relationship has been disturbed (even in the case of one that does not exist).

If you have been living devoid of happiness and contentment over a period of time.

If you are feeling  tired constantly or have difficulty in falling asleep (partly due to medical issues, work related, or jet lag).

If you  have been feeling low or in a bad mood over a period of time.

If you feel helpless or hopeless over a period of time, or if you feel bad about yourself; hate, blame, or despise yourself; feeling that you "want to put an end to all this".

If you often experience anger, or hear people tell you that you are angry very often .

If you feel that you are losing control (shouting, or being pre-occupied with what other people say or do or may be doing; or if people accuse you of assuming too much control.

If you behave in a manner that is not work related or otherwise objectively necessary. Such behaviors may be related to cleaning or eating; or thinking often about one particular thing, such as eating, or the way you look - as examples.

If people tell you that you have a drinking problem or if you feel that you sometimes drink alcohol to get rid of a problem. The same is true of other chemical substances.

If you feel that sometimes you have a problem concentrating, keeping track of your thoughts, or being productive, over a period of time.

If you often experience internal tension, either psychological or physical (e.g., being on-guard, alert, or fearful/anxious) or in your body (muscle tension, headache, butterflies in the stomach, difficulties in breathing, tension in your chest, etc.), and the tension is not (only) due to a well-defined issue such as heart disease.

If you sometimes feel as if you are going mad; if you feel extreme fear related to a particular event or issue (even when there is a real danger involved).

If you went through a traumatic or dramatic event (even a minor one).

If the word "failure" seem to appear too often in your life or thoughts.

If you or someone very close to you behaves in a way that simply feels weird.

If you sometimes feel that your thoughts are running "fantastically" and you feel exhausted but still your thoughts continue to run. (This is NOT to say: if you are intelligent, then you need help. Think about the exhaustion.)




Most people can benefit from therapy, provided that they suffer from one or more of the issues mentioned above (see How Do I Know if I Need Help). A more useful question to ask is, therefore, how do I know if the therapy will be conducted in a way that would help me? To answer this, you may find it beneficial to talk to the potential therapist, or even meet them in person. Look into What Does Therapy Usually Look Like and compare it with what you hear. If the approach to your problem feels serious, and if you feel that the therapist is professional and empathic, then you have good reason to expect to benefit from therapy.



A well-conducted psychotherapy very often has two kinds of positive outputs. One is, the reason for your initial visit has been resolved, e.g., painful symptoms have substantially declined or diminished. The other output is related to growth. A successful treatment has a huge potential to install hope, to feel better about yourself and the world, and to put past issues into the right perspective.



No it does not. Lying on the sofa is part of the psychoanalytic legend. In most of the psychotherapeutic treatments currently in use, the therapy settings consist of chairs (two or more), with some exceptions as in the case of drama therapy or relaxation techniques.



Most treatments have certain common elements with respect to their structure and duration of time. Three or more phases are seen most often:

Phase I: Initial contact. At this stage you may be already aware of the need to receive professional help. You contact a therapist and agree on the date and time for an initial session. 

Phase II: This phase usually takes place at the therapist's office and lasts one or more sessions. The aim is to become knowledgeable about your problem and to make a treatment plan. You and the therapist may agree to refer you to another professional based on the specific issues and on the therapist's expertise. Respectively, you may agree on a combined treatment with another professional. At this stage you may already have heard about the type of psychotherapy the therapist may offer, and now feel well informed. 

Phase III: From the second/third session of treatment onwards, very often it is structured, perhaps one hour weekly, for a short-term period of 15 weeks. Practically all of the therapeutic work takes place at this phase. See also What Can I Expect From Therapy.

Phase IV / V: The last phase or phases are usually less intensive (e.g., biweekly or monthly sessions) and are aimed to prevent the initial problems returning, and to permit follow up.

At times there could be a need to enter in to a new treatment, several months or years after the initial therapy. The reasons for this could vary; and it is good to be aware of the possibility. if such a situation arises, it would not mean that you are at fault.


The psychiatric treatment often overlaps with this picture. However, sometimes it may look different in the following way - for example:

Standard course of psychiatric therapy:

Initial meeting is devoted to a comprehensive psychiatric assessment, which usually lasts at least 1.5 hours. Detailed personal history is taken and current and past mental illness issues are explored. A diagnosis is established and discussed with the client. Then, a treatment plan is offered. If applicable, appropriate medication is prescribed and its function, its possible side effects and their management are discussed. Range of alternative and non-pharmacological therapies are also discussed and referrals to appropriate therapists offered.

Follow-up meetings usually last up to one hour and their length gradually shortens, depending on the improvement of symptoms, ending with 15 minutes every 4 to 8 weeks, for short medication checks. With regard to the nature of the problem presented, the treatment plan is based on medication, or psychotherapy, or a combination. Progress of therapy is continually discussed so that treatment can be adjusted flexibly .



Psychological assessment refers to the work involved in gaining information about the client's behaviour, mental and emotional state, personality, cognition, interpersonal qualities, and current stress areas and psychosocial situation. The information may further involve client history, family history, history of issues, and client's plans for the future.

By offering assessment, the mental health professional actually says: It is pretty difficult for one person to really know another person, because psychological information is naturally well concealed, nevertheless this knowledge is crucial for us to manage the treatment and provide real help.

Assessment helps reveal psychological information, and is using various methods to achieve this. See Children, Adults, Corporate assessment.



To make an appointment there are several options open to you.

You can call us on +94-11-3172677 or +94-77-

Or you can Make an Appointment using your e-mail. In your mail, please give one or more possible times and dates. One of our coordinators will get back to you within two days at the latest, and we will agree upon a time for an initial session within one to four days, provided that you are available to visit before 4pm, as the evening hours are heavily booked. If possible, please indicate information about the issue of concern in you mail.


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